Pamela J. Schram

  • Associate Dean, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences


  • Ph.D. - Michigan State University

Statement of Professional Engagement:

Pamela Schram received her B.S. from Loyola University in Chicago (1988), her M.A. from Rutgers University (1990), and her Ph.D. from Michigan State University (1996). Her major research interest include corrections and juvenile justice with an emphasis on gender and race/ethnicity.

Pamela Schram’s research and scholarship have included evaluating drug treatment and Life Skills programs in correctional settings, multijurisdictional drug task forces, and an intervention program for juveniles. She also continues her research on the influence of gender and race/ethnic stereotypes in the criminal justice process.

Professional Specialties:

  • Women and the criminal justice system
  • Institutional and community corrections
  • Juvenile justice

Selected Publications:

Schram, P.J., & Gaines, L.K. (in press). Comparing the effects of treatment on female juvenile gang and non-gang members. Women & Criminal Justice.

Koons-Witt, B.A., & Schram, P.J. (in press). Does race matter?: Examining the relationship between co-offending and victim characteristics for violent incidents involving female offenders. Feminist Criminology.

Schram, P.J. (in press). Delinquency programs that failed. In M. McShane & Williams, F.P. (Eds.), Youth Violence and Delinquency Interventions. Greenwood/Praeger Publishing.

Schram, P.J., & Gaines, L.K. (2005). Examining delinquent nongang members and delinquent gang members: A comparison of juvenile probationers at intake and outcomes. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 3, 99-115.

Worrall, J.L., Schram, P., Hays, E., & Newman, M. (2004). An analysis of the relationship between probation caseloads and property crime rates in California counties. Journal of Criminal Justice, 32, 231-241.

Morash, M., & Schram, P.J. (2004). “Gender-responsive programs in prison settings.” In P.C. Kratcoski (Ed.), Correctional counseling and treatment (5th ed.). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.

Schram, P.J., Koons-Witt, B.A., & Morash, M. (2004). Management strategies when working with female prisoners. Women & Criminal Justice, 15, 25-50.

Schram, P.J., & Koons-Witt, B. (Eds.). (2004). Gendered (in)justice: Theory and practice in feminist criminology. Long Grove, Illinois, Waveland Press, Inc.

Koons-Witt, B.A., & Schram, P. (2003). The prevalence and nature of violent offending by females. Journal of Criminal Justice, 31, 361-371.

Morash, M., & Schram, P.J. (2003). The prison experience: Special issues of women in prison. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.

Schram, P.J. (2003). Stereotypes and vocational programming for women prisoners. In S.F. Sharp, (ed.), The incarcerated woman: Rehabilitation programming in women's prisons, (pp. 17-28). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Corley, C.J., Bynum, T.S., Prewitt, A., Schram, P., & Burrows, J. (2003). The impace of gender on juvenile court decisions: A qualitative insight. In J. Joseph, D. Taylor, & R. Muraskin, (eds.), With justice for all: Minorities and women in criminal justice (pp. 177-189). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Schram, P.J., & Morash, M. (2002). Evaluation of a Life Skills Program for women inmates in Michigan. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 34, 47-70.

Gaines, L.K., & Schram, P.J. (2002). Affirmative action and police selection: Managing legal boundaries and psychometric limits. In J.T. Walker, (ed.), Policing and the Law. Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Trojanowicz, R.C., Morash, M., & Schram, P.J. (2001). Juvenile Delinquency: Concepts and Control (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Schram, P.J. (2001). Prison Sex--Female in Encyclopedia of Criminology and Deviant Behavior, C.D., Bryant, ed. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge.

Schram, P.J. (2001). Sexual Abuse of Prisons in Encyclopedia of Women and Crime, N.H. Rafter, ed. Phoenix: Oryx Press.

Schram, P.J. (1999). An exploratory study: Stereotypes about mothers in prison. Journal of Criminal Justice, 47, 411-426.

Schram, P.J. (1999). Social Distance Between Inmates, Peer Counselors, and Program Staff in a Woman’s Prison. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 29, 89-100.

Schram, P.J. (1998). Stereotypes about Vocational Programming for Female Inmates. The Prison Journal, 78, 244-270.

Schram, P.J. (1997). Review of Carol Smart, Law, Crime and Sexuality: Essays in Feminism and Nichole Hahn Rafter and Frances Heidensohn, International Feminist Perspectives in Criminology: Engendering a Discipline. Justice Quarterly, 14, 1001-1006.

Corley, C., Bynum, T.S., Prewitt, A., & Schram, P.J. (1997). The Impact of Race on Juvenile Court Processes: Quantitative Analyses with Qualitative Insights. Caribbean Journal of Criminology and Social Psychology, 2, 1-23.

Nalla, M.K., Christian, K.E., Morash, M.A., & Schram, P.J. (1996). Security Practitioners’ Perceptions of Undergraduate Curriculum. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 7, 79-97.

Nalla, M.K., Christian, K.E., Morash, M.A., & Schram, P.J. (1995). Hiring Preferences of Security Professionals: A National Survey. Journal of Security Administration, 18, 29-36.

Nalla, M.K., Christian, K.E., Morash, M.A., & Schram, P.J. (1995). Executive Training Needs: A National Survey of Security Professionals. Journal of Security Administration, 18, 18-28.

Campbell, R. & Schram, P. (1995). Feminist Research Methods: A Content Analysis of Psychology and Social Science Textbooks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 19, 85-106.

Nalla, M.K., Christian, K.E., Morash, M.A., & Schram, P.J. (1995). Practitioners Perceptions of Graduate Curriculum in Security Education. Security Journal, 6, 93-99.


Evaluation of the San Bernardino County Probation Department with Dr. Larry Gaines and Mr. Wes Krause. ($24,955) (2005).

A.B. 1913 Program Evaluation with the Riverside County Probation Department.

Challenge I Grant “Home Run” program with the San Bernardino County Probation Department.

Professional Development Grant to participate in the ICPSR Summer Training Program at the University of Michigan (1999 and 2000).

Summer Course Development Grant, 1999 – Course Redesign (CJUS 580) for Distance Learning with Dr. Larry Gaines.

CSU System Grant. “Evaluation of California’s State-Level Data Systems for Incarcerated Youth,” with Dr. John Worrall.

Affiliations, Associations, Consultations:

  • American Society of Criminology
  • ASC, Division on Women and Crime
  • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences
  • Email:
  • Office Location: Social Behavioral Sciences (SB) 207
  • Phone: 909-537-7500